Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War | Ancient Origins

Whilst the armor of the cataphract was able to withstand attacks from swords and arrows, they seemed to be useless against blunt weapons. During Aurelian’s battle against the Palmyrenes, he had troops from Palestine armed with clubs and staves that were used specifically “against coats of mail made of iron and brass”.

Source: Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War | Ancient Origins